The city of Spata has been inhabited since prehistoric times and was one of the largest settlements in the Mediterranean region.
The statue of an Archaic Sphinx was found there and is one of the most important of the findings of the ancient period dating from 570 - 550 BC. The sphinx is a mythical creature, with the body of a lion, the wings of a bird, and the head of a woman. The body of the sphinx is shown in profile, while the head turns to the front.
It wears a garland on its head and a necklace around its neck.
Sphinx is made of Pentelic marble. (On display at the National Archaeological Museum in Athens).